All of the secondary works cited throughout the exhibition are listed in this bibliography along with other resources about the annuals that I have found particularly useful in my research for my dissertation.

Online Resources

Harris, Katherine D. "Forget Me Not: A Hypertextual Archive of Ackermann's Nineteenth-Century Literary Annual." Listed in the MLA International Bibliography. Metadata incorporated into The Poetess Archive. Gen. Ed. Laura Mandell. <> Dec. 2005-[ongoing].

Hoagwood, Terence, Kathryn Ledbetter, and Martin M. Jacobsen, eds. “L.E.L.’s ‘Verses’ and The Keepsake for 1829 Edited by Frederic Mansel Reynolds: A Hypertext Edition.” Romantic Circles <>.

Hootman, Harry Edward. “An Index of British Literary Annuals and Giftbooks.” <>.

---. “British Literary Annuals and Giftbooks.” [companion site for] <>.

Mandell, Laura ed. The Poetess Archive. <>. Dec. 2005-[ongoing].

Printed Sources

Ackermann, Rudolf. Forget Me Not for 1823.

Ball, Douglas. Victorian Publishers’ Bindings. Williamsburg: Book Press, 1985.

Booth, Bradford Allen. Introduction. A Cabinet of Gems: Short Stories from the English Annuals. Berkeley: U of California P, 1938. 1-18.

Chick, Arthur. Towards Today’s Book: Progress in 19th Century Britain. London: Farrand, 1997.

Colclough, Stephen. “Designated in Print as ‘Mr. John Clare’: The Annuals and the Field of Reading, 1827-1835.” John Clare Society Journal 24 (2005): 53-68.

Feldman, Paula R. Introduction. The Keepsake for 1829. Peterborough: Broadview, 2006. 7-25.

---. “Women, Literary Annuals, and the Evidence of Inscription.” Keats-Shelley Journal 55 (2006): 54-62.

Harris, Katherine D. “Feminizing the Textual Body: Female Readers Consuming the Literary Annual.” The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 99.4 (2005): 225-40.

Hawes, Donald. “Thackeray and the Annuals.” Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 7.1 (1976): 3-31.

Hawkins, Ann R. “Marketing Gender and Nationalism: Blessington’s Gems of Beauty/L’Ècrin and the Mid-Century Book Trade.” Women’s Writing 12.2 (2005): 225-40.

Hootman, Harry Edward. “British Literary Annuals and Giftbooks, 1823-1861.” Diss. U of South Carolina, 2004.

Hunt, Leigh, "Pocket-Books and Keepsakes." The Keepsake for 1828, ed. Frederic Mansel Reynolds (London: Hurst, Chance &Co., [1827]).

Jamieson, Eleanor. "The Binding Styles of the Gift Books and Annuals." Literary Annuals and Gift Books: A Bibliography 1823-1903. Frederick W. Faxon. 1912. Middlesex: Private Libraries Association, 1973.

Lawford, Cynthia. “Bijoux Beyond Possession: The Prima Donnas of L.E.L.’s Album Poems.” Women’s Poetry, Late Romantic to Late Victorian: Gender and Genre, 1830-1900. Ed. Isobel Armstrong and Virginia Blain. London: Macmillan, 1999.

Ledbetter, Kathryn. “‘beGemmed and beAmuletted’: Tennyson and Those ‘vapid’ Gift Books.” Victorian Poetry 34.2 (1996): 235-45.

---. “Lucrative Requests: British Authors and Gift Book Editors.” The Papers of the Bibliographic Society of America 88.2 (June 1994) 207-16.

---. “‘White Vellum and Gilt Edges’: Imaging The Keepsake.Studies in the Literary Imagination 30.1 (Spring 1997): 35-49.

Lodge, Sara. “Romantic Reliquaries: Memory and Irony in The Literary Annuals.” Romanticism 10.1 (2004): 23-40.

Mandell, Laura. "Hemans and the Gift-Book Aesthetic," Cardiff Corvey 6 (June 2001). <>

Paley, Morton D. “Coleridge and the Annuals.” The Huntington Library Quarterly 57 (Winter 1994): 1-24.

Pulham, Patricia. “‘Jewels—delights—perfect loves’: Victorian Women Poets and the Annuals.” Victorian Women Poets. Ed. Alison Chapman. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2003. 9-31.

Manning, Peter J. "Wordsworth in The Keepsake, 1829." Literature in the Marketplace: Nineteenth-Century British Publishing and Reading Practices. Ed. John O. Jordan and Robert L. Patten. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995. 44-73.

Rappoport, Jill. “Buyer Beware: The Gift Poetics of Letitia Elizabeth Landon.” Nineteenth-Century Literature 58.4 (2004): 441-73.

Renier, Anne. Friendship’s Offering: An Essay on the Annuals and Gift Books of the 19th Century. London: Private Libraries Association, 1964.

Review of The Literary Souvenir. Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine 17 (January 1825): 94-96.

Sypher, F.J. Introduction. Poems from Annuals by Letitia Elizabeth Landon. Ed. F.J. Sypher. An Arbor: Scholars’ Facsimiles and Reprints, 2006. xiii-xxviii.

Twyman, Micahel. Printing 1770-1970: An Illustrated History of its Development and Uses in England. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1970.

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